Twice in the last 20 years, a highly contentious election season has yielded a POTUS who lost the popular vote. Most recently, lost by a lot.
The argument is made that the system we use - the electoral college - was created as a compromise between the interests of states with larger populations vs those with smaller populations. By having the POTUS elected by a college whose members equalled the size of each state's Congressional representatives in number, states with smaller populations would have a proportionately larger voice in the selection of the POTUS.
This is, as stated, true, and a reasonable case for its value can be made.
That argument is often further extended, to say that the intent was for the POTUS to be elected by the states, and not the people. This argument is related in some ways to the common practice of having all electors in a state vote for whoever won the popular vote in that state, regardless of by what margin.
This is, as stated, false. There is nothing whatsoever in the Constitution about the POTUS being elected "by the states". Nothing. There is also nothing whatsoever in the Constitution that requires that all electors for a state vote for the winner of the popular vote in that state. That practice emerged over a few decades, initially by a couple of states as a way of enhancing their electoral advantage, and then eventually by nearly all states in a kind of race to the bottom.
I don't care much about the electoral college one way or the other, per se. I do care about the profoundly un-democratic way that the our practice of allocating electors has played out in this past election, and in 2000.
Electors or not, the POTUS should be elected by a process that reflects the will of the population. Not the states. There is nothing whatsoever in the Constitution, or in the intent of the folks who wrote the Constitution, that argues for a POTUS "elected by the states".
I don't know how to change this, because it would likely take a Constitutional amendment, but what we have now is not what was intended.